Skeeter Syndrome is an allergy to mosquito silva. It can present with extreme swelling, itching, blistering, infection, fever and in some cases anaphylactic shock, asthma, cellulitis. Most people will experience some level of allergic reaction, with itching and redness, individuals who suffer from skeeter syndrome experience a very extreme reaction.
The swelling, similar to a bee sting, with an affected limb doubling in size, eyes swell shut, and the area feels hot and hard to the touch. In some instances the bite will blister and ooze. The swelling can be extreme and painful, and can present with a low grade fever and general malaise.
In extreme cases a mosquito bite can lead to anaphylactic shock, asthma and other life threatening complications.
Skeeter syndrome can affect people of all ages. The most commonly affected group seems to be young children and toddlers.
What causes Skeeter Syndrome?
The condition is a result of an allergy to the polypeptides in the mosquito’s saliva that it injects to thin the blood during its bite.
Because human blood is too thick for a mosquito to be able to siphon, the mosquito first injects a thinning agent into the victim. The thinning agent, the mosquito’s saliva, is what causes the allergic reaction.
The body reacts to the enzymes and results in the swelling, discomfort and blistering.
The allergic reaction isn’t always instant, and can develop up to 48hrs after the original bite.
Individuals who have no prior history of an adverse reaction to mosquito bites have been known to develope Skeeter syndrome suddenly. The reason for developing the allergy isn’t known, and although it has been linked to an autoimmune reaction to the enzymes, the reason for sudden onset are not known.
Because there are several species of mosquito whose saliva contain slightly different enzymes it is possible to be allergic to a specific species of mosquito, or a few species, while having little to no reaction to others. This might explain why an individual who has had no history of mosquito allergies might experience an extreme reaction to mosquito bites when visiting another state or country.
Mosquito bites are treated topically to help reduce swelling and relieve itching. Antihistamines can also be taken orally to provide longer relief from itching and have been know to help reduce swelling in the affected area. There are also many home remedies and treatments that can help treat the discomfort associated with skeeter syndrome.